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Why should Indian companies expedite to be ESG-ready?

Updated: Oct 10, 2023

Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors have emerged as pivotal considerations for companies worldwide in recent years, causing a seismic shift in the business landscape. Indian companies, in particular, are finding themselves at the intersection of a global movement towards sustainable and responsible business practices. This introduction delves into the compelling reasons why Indian companies must expedite their journey to become ESG-ready.

Why should Indian companies expedite to be ESG-ready?

As the world becomes increasingly interconnected, Indian businesses find themselves operating in an environment where ESG principles are gaining unprecedented momentum. Investors, stakeholders, and consumers are no longer merely interested in financial performance; they now demand transparency, ethical conduct, and sustainable practices. This shift has profound implications for Indian companies, necessitating a swift response to align with global ESG trends.

Moreover, investors' expectations have evolved significantly, with ESG considerations becoming fundamental to investment decisions. Indian businesses that fail to embrace ESG readiness risk losing access to capital and facing increased costs of capital. This shift in investment preferences underscores the urgency for Indian companies to integrate ESG factors into their core business strategies.

Furthermore, regulatory bodies in India are recognizing the importance of ESG. The government is taking steps to ensure that businesses comply with ESG norms and regulations. Failure to adapt to these evolving regulatory frameworks could result in legal and financial consequences.

In this context, this article explores the multifaceted reasons why Indian companies should expedite their journey towards ESG readiness, encompassing the global ESG surge, evolving investor expectations, regulatory imperatives, reputation enhancement, risk mitigation, and the quest for a competitive advantage in the dynamic Indian business landscape. By doing so, Indian companies can not only secure their future relevance but also contribute to a more sustainable and responsible global business ecosystem.

Global ESG Momentum: Why Indian Companies Should Expedite ESG Readiness

In the contemporary business environment, the tides of change are unmistakably guided by Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors. What was once considered an optional set of ethical considerations has now become an imperative for companies worldwide. This paradigm shift is not merely a trend but a global movement that has gained remarkable momentum. For Indian companies, the compelling reasons to expedite their journey towards ESG readiness are abundant and undeniable.

One of the most striking aspects of the ESG landscape is its global ubiquity. ESG principles have transcended geographical boundaries and industry sectors to become a universally recognized standard for responsible business conduct. As a result, Indian companies find themselves operating in an environment where ESG considerations are no longer a choice but a necessity.

Investor expectations have evolved significantly in recent years. Investors, be they institutional or individual, are increasingly incorporating ESG performance into their investment decisions. They recognize that a company's ESG practices are not only indicative of its ethical commitment but also a reflection of its resilience and long-term viability. Indian businesses must align with these expectations to secure the capital needed for growth and sustainability.

Additionally, Indian regulatory bodies are acknowledging the pivotal role of ESG in shaping the future of businesses. The government is actively introducing ESG-related frameworks and mandates to ensure companies comply with responsible business practices. Non-compliance with these evolving regulations can have legal and financial consequences, making it imperative for Indian companies to proactively integrate ESG into their strategies.

Moreover, ESG readiness is not solely about compliance or ethics; it's also about enhancing reputation and mitigating risks. Companies that prioritize ESG are more likely to gain the trust and loyalty of consumers, investors, and other stakeholders. Furthermore, they are better equipped to assess and mitigate environmental, social, and governance risks, which can prove invaluable in avoiding crises and financial setbacks.

Ultimately, embracing ESG is not just a response to external pressures; it's a source of competitive advantage. ESG-aligned companies tend to outperform their peers in terms of innovation, resilience, and market positioning. By committing to ESG, Indian companies can differentiate themselves in the market, attracting both customers and investors who share their values.

In this era of heightened ESG consciousness, Indian companies have a choice to make. Those that expedite their journey towards ESG readiness are not only aligning themselves with global trends but also positioning themselves as responsible leaders in their sectors. The global ESG momentum is a revolution, not a passing bubble, and Indian companies have the opportunity to be at the forefront of this transformative movement.

Investor Expectations and ESG Readiness for Indian Companies

As the global business landscape undergoes a profound transformation, Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) considerations have emerged as critical determinants of success. For Indian companies, understanding and meeting investor expectations regarding ESG readiness have become pivotal to securing capital, enhancing competitiveness, and ensuring long-term sustainability. This article explores the evolving landscape of investor expectations and how Indian companies can align themselves with these demands.

1. The ESG Integration Imperative

ESG as an Investment Criterion: Investors worldwide are increasingly incorporating ESG factors into their investment decisions. Indian companies must recognize that ESG performance is not only indicative of responsible business conduct but also a reflection of their resilience and long-term viability.

Alignment with Global Trends: To attract a broader investor base, Indian companies must align their ESG practices with global ESG trends. Investors seek consistency in ESG reporting and a commitment to international standards.

2. The Role of ESG Ratings and Indices

Influence on Investment Decisions: Many investors rely on ESG ratings and indices when making investment choices. Indian companies should aim for favorable ESG ratings and inclusion in prominent ESG indices to enhance their attractiveness to investors.

Transparency and Disclosure: To meet investor expectations, Indian companies should prioritize transparency and disclosure in their ESG reporting. Investors seek comprehensive and accurate ESG data to make informed decisions.

3. Access to Sustainable Capital

Growing Interest in Impact Investing: Impact investors are on the rise, seeking companies that actively contribute to positive environmental and social outcomes. Indian companies can access sustainable capital by aligning their operations with impact-oriented ESG goals.

ESG-Linked Financing: Financial institutions are increasingly offering ESG-linked financing options. Indian companies can negotiate favourable terms and lower costs of capital by demonstrating their commitment to ESG principles.

4. Engaging with ESG-Focused Shareholders

Shareholder Activism: ESG-conscious shareholders may engage in activism to influence a company's ESG practices. Indian companies must be prepared to engage constructively with shareholders to address their concerns and leverage their perspectives for positive change.

Building Trust: Open and proactive communication with shareholders regarding ESG initiatives is essential. Investors appreciate companies that take their ESG commitments seriously and engage in meaningful dialogue.

Meeting investor expectations regarding ESG readiness is no longer a choice for Indian companies but a strategic imperative. By integrating ESG considerations into their core strategies, embracing transparency and disclosure, and engaging proactively with investors, Indian companies can attract sustainable capital, enhance competitiveness, and secure their position in a rapidly evolving global market.

Regulatory Imperatives: The Urgency for Indian Companies to Embrace ESG

In the rapidly evolving landscape of business and finance, Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) considerations are no longer optional for Indian companies. Regulatory bodies are recognizing the pivotal role of ESG in shaping the future of businesses and are introducing mandates and frameworks that necessitate compliance. This article delves into the regulatory imperatives that underscore the urgency for Indian companies to embrace ESG.

1. Government Initiatives

The Indian government has introduced various mandates and guidelines to promote ESG practices. Companies are now required to report on their ESG initiatives and align with specified ESG norms. The alignment of ESG initiatives with the United Nations' SDGs is gaining prominence. Indian companies are encouraged to contribute to these global goals through their ESG efforts.

2. SEBI Regulations

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has integrated ESG into its listing regulations. Companies are mandated to disclose their ESG-related policies and practices in their annual reports.SEBI has proposed the development of a standardized ESG reporting framework to ensure consistency and comparability among Indian companies' ESG disclosures.

3. Reporting and Disclosure

Regulatory authorities are moving toward making ESG reporting mandatory for listed companies. This will require Indian businesses to establish robust ESG reporting mechanisms. Enhanced Transparency: ESG reporting mandates aim to enhance transparency, enabling investors and stakeholders to assess a company's ESG performance accurately.

The urgency for Indian companies to embrace ESG is underscored by regulatory imperatives that are progressively shaping the business landscape. Compliance with government mandates, SEBI regulations, and investor expectations is not just about meeting ethical standards but also about securing financial stability and positioning Indian companies for sustained success in a globalized world. The transition to ESG readiness is no longer a choice but a strategic necessity for Indian businesses.

Risk Mitigation Through ESG: A Crucial Priority for Indian Businesses

The idea of risk has expanded beyond the conventional financial sphere in an era of rapid environmental and social change. Indian businesses are increasingly recognizing the significance of mitigating risks associated with Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors.

Environmental Risks

India faces a growing threat from climate change, including extreme weather events, water scarcity, and shifting agricultural patterns. Companies must assess their vulnerability to climate-related risks and develop strategies to adapt and reduce emissions. Non-compliance with environmental regulations lead to fines and canreputational damage. By adopting environmentally sustainable practices, Indian businesses can minimize regulatory risks.

Social Risks

Ensuring the safety of employees and ethical labor practices is essential. Violations can result in lawsuits, fines, and reputational harm. Indian companies must prioritize worker well-being and fair labor standards. Negative impacts on local communities can lead to protests, legal disputes, and project delays. Engaging with communities and addressing their concerns is a proactive risk mitigation strategy.

Governance Risks

Poor governance practices, such as fraud and corruption, can have severe legal and financial consequences. Strong corporate governance, transparency, and anti-corruption measures are vital for risk mitigation. Data breaches and privacy violations can damage a company's reputation and result in legal penalties. Robust data protection policies and cybersecurity measures are essential.

Indian businesses are recognizing that risk mitigation through ESG is not just a matter of compliance but a strategic imperative. Addressing environmental, social, and governance risks proactively can safeguard against financial, legal, and reputational challenges while positioning companies as responsible and sustainable entities in an evolving business landscape.


The imperative of mitigating risks through Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) practises has become an indisputable priority for Indian companies in the ever-changing landscape of business and finance. The nexus between ESG and risk management has transformed from a mere compliance exercise into a strategic compass that guides businesses towards resilience and sustainable growth.

As we reflect on the critical role of ESG in risk mitigation, it's evident that the challenges posed by environmental, social, and governance factors are multifaceted and complex. From the spectre of climate change to the intricacies of ethical conduct, companies face a dynamic array of risks that can impact their bottom line, reputation, and social licence to operate.

Addressing these risks goes beyond regulatory adherence; it necessitates a holistic approach embedded in the core values of an organization. Indian businesses are recognizing that ethical governance, environmental stewardship, and social responsibility are not burdensome obligations but powerful tools for fostering long-term success.

In an era where stakeholders demand transparency, accountability, and sustainability, companies that embrace the ESG imperative are poised to thrive. They not only fortify themselves against the perils of environmental volatility, social discord, and governance lapses but also position themselves as responsible leaders in a global economy that prizes ethical and sustainable practices.

The journey towards effective risk mitigation through ESG may be challenging, but it is one that aligns with the essence of responsible business. Indian companies embarking on this path are not merely safeguarding their interests; they are also contributing to a more resilient, equitable, and sustainable future for themselves and the generations to come.

Our Directors’ Institute- World Council of Directors can help you accelerate your board journey by training you on your roles and responsibilities to be carried out in an efficient manner helping you to make a significant contribution to the board and raise corporate governance standards within the organization.

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